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Efeitos de um programa de reeducação sensório-motora no controlo postural e na prevalência de lesões em atletas de corfebol

by Neves, Ana Margarida de Almeida Santos
Published by : [s.n.] ([Cruz Quebrada]) Physical details: XIV, 263 p. 30 cm + CD-ROM Subject(s): Corfebol | Equilíbrio neuro-motor | Lesão --controlo e prevenção | Membro inferior | Mestrado | Postura | Propriocepção | Reeducação psicomotora | Treino físico Year: 2014
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Item type Location Call number Copy Status Date due
Tese Tese Faculdade de Motricidade Humana
FMH-BIBLIOTECA
Tese M 2979 (Browse shelf) Available
CD-ROM CD-ROM Faculdade de Motricidade Humana
FMH-Biblioteca Deposito
Tese M 2979 / CD-ROM (Browse shelf) Apenas consulta local
Tese Tese Reitoria - SDP
SDP-Teses
TM043 FMH CF4 2014 (Browse shelf) 3 Sem empréstimo
CD-ROM CD-ROM Reitoria - SDP
SDP-Teses
TM043 FMH CF4/A 2014 (Browse shelf) 4 Sem empréstimo

Melo, Filipe Manuel Soares de ; Oliveira, Raul Alexandre Nunes da Silva - Orientador. Mestrado na Especialidade de Ciências da Fisioterapia. Universidade de Lisboa. Faculdade de Motricidade Humana. 2014

Introduction: Ankle sprains may generate mechanical instability and a variety of symptoms, such as Chronic ankle instability (CAI), which can be seen as sensoriomotor system derangement. Objectives: Determinar a prevalência de lesões em atletas de corfebol em duas épocas consecutivas e analisar os efeitos de um programa de reeducação sensório-motora na prevalência de lesões e no controlo postural (CP). To determine the prevalence of injuries in korfball players in two consecutive seasons and analyse the effects of a sensorimotor reeducation program in the prevalence of injuries and in the postural control (PC). Methods: 18 athletes (age = 23,2 ± 3,15 years) allocated in 2 groups: 10 individuals in the Experimental group (EG) and 8 in the Control group (CG). The 8 athletes suffering from CAI were randomly allocated to the groups. EG athletes were submitted to a six weeks sensorimotor reeducation program. The PC was evaluated in two diferente moments using a force platform. The variables studied were the center of pressure displacement (CPD) and the oscillation area (OA) for static tasks and the initial force peak (IFP), the time to stabilization in the medial-lateral and anteroposterior planes (TTE_ML and TTE_AP, respectively) for dynamic tasks (jumps). Results: On the second season there was a reduction of 3 ankle sprains, there were 4 re-injuries and a new ankle sprain. The intervention program was effective only in the TTE_ML of the anteroposterior jump (p = 0,021) and on the TTE_AP of the left side jump (p = 0,041), on the dominant lower limbs, at a significance level p < 0,050. Conclusions: Injury prevention in Korfball athletes and the improvement in one of the variable os the CP – time to stabilization after a jump landing – seem to benefit from the application of a sensorimotor reeducation program. In futures studies we recommend larger samples and the complementary measures like electromiography or cinematic analysis to study the evidence of these programs on primary and secondary injury prevention. Keywords: Ankle, Chronic instability, Dynamic Balance, Injury prevention, Korfball, Postural control, Proprioception, Sensorimotor Program, Static Balance, Time to stabilization.

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